英语怎么表达“电器、车子等坏了”?(2)

2014-11-14 15:03阿卡索英语

<;p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="text-align:center">; <;b>; <;span style="font-size:14.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 修理 <;/span>; <;/b>; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:14.0pt">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/b>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (上接 <;a target="_blank" href="http://www.acadsoc.com.cn/article/?id=496">; 第一部分 <;/a>; ) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (一)英语中还能怎么表达“电器、车子等坏了”?我们来看看。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; 1. <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; have got a problem <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; I've got a problem with my dishwasher. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (我的洗碗机有点坏了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; 2. <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; has had it <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : if you say that a machine has had it you mean that it is completely broken and cannot be repaired <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; I'm afraid the stereo's had it. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (这台音响可能已经坏到没法修了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; 3. <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; be on the blink <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : <;b>; <;/b>; if a piece of electrical equipment such as a television or washing machine is on the blink or on the fritz, it sometimes works and sometimes does not <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 备注:美式英语中常用 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''be on the fritz'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''blink'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 原意是“眨眼”或“灯忽明忽暗”, <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''be on the blink'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 指“(电器)时好时坏”。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''be on the blink'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 或 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''be on the fritz'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 常用于非正式的场合。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; My TV's on the blink again. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (我家电视又时好时坏的了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; go on the blink/fritz <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/b>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; The car's air conditioning went on the fritz just as we reached Dallas. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (我们到达拉斯时,车上的空调变得时好时坏。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; 4. <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; temperamental <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : a machine, car etc. that is temperamental works some of the time but not all the time <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 备注: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''temperamental'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 常用于非正式的场合。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''temperamental'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 原意是“喜怒无常的”,这里引申为“(电器)运转不正常”。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; Jo's car is very temperamental in the mornings. Sometimes it starts and sometimes it doesn't. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (乔的车早上总是时好时坏的,有时启动不了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; The only heating was from a temperamental iron stove in the center of each hut. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体; mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (每个小屋中间有一个铁炉子,时好时坏的,屋子里取暖只能靠它。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; 5. <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; has gone <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : if you say that part of a machine, especially a car, has gone or is gone , you mean that it has stopped working properly <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 备注: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''has gone'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 常用于英式英语中,美式英语中常用 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''is gone'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; I'm not sure what's wrong with my car - I think the clutch has gone. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (我不知道车子哪坏了,我想可能是离合器出毛病了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; If the gearbox is gone it'll cost you a fortune. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (如果是变速箱坏了,那得花很多钱才能修好。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; "What's that noise?" "It sounds like the suspension's going." <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体; mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; ( <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; - <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 什么声音那么响啊? <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; - <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 听起来好像是悬架坏了。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left:0cm;text-indent:0cm;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo2">; <;!--[if !supportLists]-->; <;span lang="EN-US">; (二) <;/span>; <;!--[endif]-->; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 英语中“修理”,该怎么表达? <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US" style="color:red">; service <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; : to examine a vehicle or machine, especially at fixed regular times, and repair it if necessary <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体; mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 保养、维护 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; All our machinery is serviced regularly. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (我们的机器都有定期保养。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; When was the plane last serviced? <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; (这架飞机上次做维护是什么时候?) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; have something serviced <;/span>; <;/b>; <;span lang="EN-US">; (=pay someone else to service it) <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; I'm having the car serviced next week. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (我下周把车拿去保养。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">;   <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; "You should have your car serviced." "It isn't worth it. I hardly ever drive now." <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; ( <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; - <;/span>; <;span style="font-family: 宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 你该把车拿去保养保养了。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">;   - <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 不用了,我基本不开,保养白花钱。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 补充: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; ''service'' <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family: "Times New Roman"">; 做名词时。 <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; 例: <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; We recommend an annual service for all central heating boilers. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (我们建议中央供暖系统的所有锅炉要定期年检保养。) <;/span>; <;span lang="EN-US">; <;o:p>; <;/o:p>; <;/span>; <;/p>; <;p class="MsoNormal">; <;span lang="EN-US">; My car's due for service - I'll book it into a garage next week. <;/span>; <;span style="font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman"">; (我的车该做保养了,我预定了下周进厂。) <;/span>; <;/p>;

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